History of currants
The history of currants goes back into the mists of time, as they have been cultivated in Greece since the Homeric years. The first written records of their trade date back to 12th century, while at the end of the 19th century their export constituted up to 75% of total Greek exports. This, in fact, resulted in the creation of the first industrial cores in Greece, thus contributing to the reconstruction of the modern Greek state in the period before the Balkan Wars.
Today, Greece holds more than 80% of the world production of currants, which is a dual use variety, since it can either be drained or used in winemaking.
Currants’ beneficial properties
Currants are valuable in several ways, as they are rich in a variety of nutrients which are beneficial for humans. Specifically:
- They are a key source of polyphenolic components, which have antioxidant actions, fortifying the body against heart disease and cancer.
- They are rich in minerals, especially magnesium, potassium and zinc.
- They contain a high percentage of dietary fiber, which contributes to proper bowel function.
- They have a high fructose content (hence their sweetness), which, in contrast to glucose, has a very low glycemic index. As a result, currants have a moderate glycemic index (55-63).